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Research Papers

Knowledge on Cervical Cancer Prevention and HPV Vaccination Among Female Students in Tertiary Education Centers in Batticaloa, Sri Lanka

Authors:

F. M. A. Azeez,

Eastern University, LK
About F. M. A.
Department of Primary Health Care, Faculty of Health-Care Sciences
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M. J. Naajeda,

Eastern University, LK
About M. J.
Department of Primary Health Care, Faculty of Health-Care Sciences
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M. F. F. Luthah,

Eastern University, LK
About M. F. F.
Department of Primary Health Care, Faculty of Health-Care Sciences
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A. S. F. Jiyatha,

Eastern University, LK
About A. S. F.
Department of Primary Health Care, Faculty of Health-Care Sciences
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M. Sivanjali,

Eastern University, LK
About M.
Department of Medical Education and Research, Faculty of Health-Care Sciences
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K. E. Karunakaran

Eastern University, LK
About K. E.
Department of Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Health-Care Sciences
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Abstract

Background: Carcinoma of cervix is common yet preventable. Sri Lankan young population is at risk. This study was conducted among the students attached to three non-conventional higher education institutions with ref­erence to assessing the awareness, screening methods, Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) as causative factor and attitude towards HPV vaccination.

Methods: A validated questionnaire was used. Data were analyzed using SPSS 25 software.

Results: 120 females participated, age ranging 19 to 25 years. Seventy (57.5%) participants were aware of the cervical cancer. Seventy percent of them were also aware HPV as causative factor. About half of the participants (50.8%) were not aware of availability of cervical screening. Among those aware of the screening, about half re­ported the availability of both Pap smear and HPV testing. Totally about 87% were aware of the Pap smear. Sixty nine students [57.5%] were ‘not sure’ of the availability of HPV vaccine and 58 of them stated ‘unsure of vaccine received’. About 16% did not want to receive the vaccine. One third mentioned that the HPV Vaccine is available in Sri Lanka.

Conclusions: The awareness noted under 60% of the participants indicates the need for structured awareness programs to young population. Majority of participants were confused about the availability and whether they had received of HPV vaccine.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.4038/jrcs.v25i1.95
How to Cite: Azeez, F.M.A., Naajeda, M.J., Luthah, M.F.F., Jiyatha, A.S.F., Sivanjali, M. and Karunakaran, K.E., 2020. Knowledge on Cervical Cancer Prevention and HPV Vaccination Among Female Students in Tertiary Education Centers in Batticaloa, Sri Lanka. Journal of the Ruhunu Clinical Society, 25(1), pp.41–45. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/jrcs.v25i1.95
Published on 19 Dec 2020.
Peer Reviewed

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