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Reading: Role Stress Among Doctors Working in a Teaching Hospital in Sri Lanka

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Role Stress Among Doctors Working in a Teaching Hospital in Sri Lanka

Authors:

D. A. Gunawardane ,

Regional Director of Health Services Office, Nuwaraeliya, LK
About D. A.
Consultant Community Physician
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S. I. Mallawaarachchi,

Teaching Hospital, Peradeniya, LK
About S. I.
Senior Registrar in Psychiatry
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P. H. M. Herath,

Teaching Hospital Peradeniya, LK
About P. H. M.
Medical Officer
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R. S. Anwarama,

Teaching Hospital Peradeniya, LK
About R. S.
Medical Officer
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W. P. G. S. Warnasuriya

Teaching Hospital Peradeniya, LK
About W. P. G. S.
Medical Officer
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Abstract

Background: Role (Work) stress impact not only on doctor’s health but also their ability to cope with their job demands or patient care. Organizational Role Stress (ORS), is the stress explained by the persons because of their role (job) in the organization. It has 10 dimension scores.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to describe the level organizational role stress, its associated factors and underline role stressors among all non-specialist medical officers working in the Teaching Hospital Peradeniya (THP).

Methods: This is a descriptive cross-sectional study. The data was collected by using self-administered ques­tionnaire, which includes Organizational Role Stress (ORS) Scale. All non-specialist medical officers (n=138) working in THP were considered as potential study participants.

Results: The study includes 76 respondents (out of 138 doctors) from the different wards and units at THP. The majority were male (n-41, 53.9%) and married (n-59,77.6%). Mean ORS score was 65.5 (SD-32.04). The majority (n-39, 51.3%) of the doctors were having low-medium role stress (ORS score 51-100) and 35.5% had low role stress (ORS score 0-50). But 11.8% (n-9) and 1.3% (n-1) had high medium role stress (ORS score 101-150) and very high role stress level (ORS score 151-200). ORS levels were found to have, statistically significant relation­ships with marital statuses, age, years of experience and management level but not with the sex.

Conclusions: Findings of this study revealed that doctors working at THP were suffering from medium to high levels of ORS and Inter Role Distance (IRD), Role Stagnation (RS), Role Overload (RO) and Personal Inadequacy (PI) were reported as the major role related problems among them. Role Ambiguity (RA) is found to be the least problematic role stressor among doctors. The finding of this study demands the attention of administrators and policymakers, to provide an attractive working climate in order to decrease the side effects and consequences of role stress and increase the productivity of the doctors.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.4038/jrcs.v25i1.94
How to Cite: Gunawardane, D.A., Mallawaarachchi, S.I., Herath, P.H.M., Anwarama, R.S. and Warnasuriya, W.P.G.S., 2020. Role Stress Among Doctors Working in a Teaching Hospital in Sri Lanka. Journal of the Ruhunu Clinical Society, 25(1), pp.35–40. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/jrcs.v25i1.94
Published on 19 Dec 2020.
Peer Reviewed

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