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Research Papers

Road traffic accidents in Polonnaruwa District: analysis of patients admitted to a surgical unit

Authors:

W. A. K. Weerawardena ,

District General Hospital, Matara, LK
About W. A. K.
Consultant surgeon
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T. G. L. H. M. Thennegadara,

General Hospital, Polonnaruwa, LK
About T. G. L. H. M.
Senior House Officer in surgery
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H. G. V. Priyantha,

General Hospital, Polonnaruwa, LK
About H. G. V.
Senior House Officer in surgery
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P. A. C. G. S. Chandrasiri,

General Hospital, Polonnaruwa, LK
About P. A. C. G. S.
Senior House Officer in surgery
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W. S. I. Disanayaka

General Hospital, Polonnaruwa, LK
About W. S. I.
Senior House Officer in surgery
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Abstract

Introduction:

Mortality and morbidity due to Road Traffic Accidents (RTA) is a major problem in Sri Lanka. Death toll in 2017 was 3101 and there were 8144 critical accidents. Motor cycle has been the commonest vehicle type involved.

 

Objective:

To describe the injuries and identify causes of injury in RTAs presented to a general hospital in a semi urban region in Sri Lanka.

 

Method:

We prospectively analyzed all the patients admitted with a history of RTA to a surgical unit at District General Hospi­tal Polonnaruwa, in North Central Province of Sri Lanka from 01/02/2017 for a 3 months period.

 

Results:

There were 199 patients in the sample with 146 (74%) being male. 118(59%) were drivers/riders, 70(35%) pas­sengers and 11(06%) pedestrians. Commonest vehicle involved was motor cycle 152(78%).Commonest body area involved was limbs 126(67%) followed by head 89(48%) and face 57(31%). 22 of 84 driver patients (30%) did not have a valid driving license and 26(22%) of 126 driver/pillion rider of motorcycles had not been wearing a helmet at the time. There was evidence for alcohol involvement in 37(18.6%) injured patients.

 

Conclusion:

The findings indicate many of the injuries due to RTAs are preventable by taking appropriate action.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4038/jrcs.v23i1.46
How to Cite: Weerawardena, W.A.K., Thennegadara, T.G.L.H.M., Priyantha, H.G.V., Chandrasiri, P.A.C.G.S. and Disanayaka, W.S.I., 2018. Road traffic accidents in Polonnaruwa District: analysis of patients admitted to a surgical unit. Journal of the Ruhunu Clinical Society, 23(1), pp.25–29. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/jrcs.v23i1.46
Published on 25 Nov 2018.
Peer Reviewed

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