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Research Papers

Management of patients suspected of having dengue fever: association of Illness severity with clinical parameters: a single center experience from Southern Sri Lanka

Authors:

H. Karunatilake ,

District General Hospital, Matara, LK
About H.
Consultant Physician, General Medical Unit
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C. J. Wijesinghe,

University of Ruhuna, LK
About C. J.
Senior Lecturer, Department of Community of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine
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H. G. K. Wijenayake,

District General Hospital, Matara, LK
About H. G. K.
Medical Officer, General Medical Unit
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S. S. Wettasinghe,

District General Hospital, Matara, LK
About S. S.
Medical Officer, General Medical Unit
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M. T. K. Mendis,

District General Hospital, Matara, LK
About M. T. K.
Medical Officer, General Medical Unit
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W. G. T. Niroshan

District General Hospital, Matara, LK
About W. G. T.
Medical Officer, General Medical Unit
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Abstract

Introduction

Dengue has been associated with significant mortality and its management is governed mainly by clinical experience and consensus of experts than evidence. This study was carried out to assess the association of disease severity and clinical parameters of patients suspected of having dengue fever.

 

Method

A retrospective descriptive study was conducted in District General Hospital (DGH), Matara using hospital data avail­able in patients’ records. A total of 1005 adult patients with fever and low platelets admitted during the months of May, June July and August 2017 were studied. Trends in white cell count (WCC), Platelets counts, haematocrit (PCV) and Platelet distribution width (PDW) were recorded. Comparisons were made between the days of the illness, drop in platelet count, rise in the PCV&WCC and change in PDW, among Dengue fever (DF) and Dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) patients. Correlation with disease severity with the presence of comorbidities and NS1 antigen positivity was also assessed.

 

Results

No correlation was found with disease severity and presence of comorbidities or NS1 antigen positivity. Rise in PCV & WCC and drop in platelet counts were noted with the onset of leaking phase of DHF.

 

Conclusions

Rapid drop in platelet counts appears to be the most reliable parameters to indicate the onset of leaking phase. Previously described 20% rise of PCV is not a reliable indicator of the onset of leaking in patients hospitalized in the early phase of the illness.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4038/jrcs.v23i1.43
How to Cite: Karunatilake, H., Wijesinghe, C.J., Wijenayake, H.G.K., Wettasinghe, S.S., Mendis, M.T.K. and Niroshan, W.G.T., 2018. Management of patients suspected of having dengue fever: association of Illness severity with clinical parameters: a single center experience from Southern Sri Lanka. Journal of the Ruhunu Clinical Society, 23(1), pp.10–15. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/jrcs.v23i1.43
Published on 25 Nov 2018.
Peer Reviewed

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